finance


finance
[14] Finance comes ultimately from Latin fīnis ‘end’, and its present-day monetary connotations derive from the notion of ‘finally settling a debt by payment’. Its immediate source is Old French finance, a derivative of the verb finer ‘end, settle’, which when it was originally acquired by English still meant literally ‘end’: ‘God, that all things did make of nought … puttest each creature to his finance’, Coventry Mystery Plays 1400. The debt-settling sense had already developed by that time, but this did not broaden out into the current ‘management of monetary resources’ until the 18th century. => FINAL, FINE, FINISH
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   The word is of French origin and is related to final. Its original English meaning was 'end,' since when you have concluded a financial transaction or made a payment you have settled it, and it is at an end. English fine, as a penalty payment, has the same origin.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • finance — [ finɑ̃s ] n. f. • 1283 « paiement, rançon », puis « argent »; du v. finer « payer », altér. de finir « mener à fin, venir à bout » 1 ♦ Vx Ressources pécuniaires. ⇒ argent, ressource. Mod. Loc. MOYENNANT FINANCE : en échange d argent. Au plur.,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • finance — FINANCE. s. f. Argent comptant. En ce sens il n a guere d usage que dans le style familier & en plaisanterie. Il est un peu court de finance. il n a pas grande finance. Finance, La somme d argent qui se paye aux coffres du Roy, soit pour la levée …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • finance — fi·nance 1 n 1 pl: money or other liquid resources of a government, business, group, or individual 2: the system that includes the circulation of money, the granting of credit, the making of investments, and the provision of banking facilities 3 …   Law dictionary

  • Finance — Fi*nance , n. [F., fr. LL. financia payment of money, money, fr. finare to pay a fine or subsidy (cf. OF. finer to finish, pay), fr. L. finis end. See {Fine}, n., {Finish}.] 1. The income of a ruler or of a state; revenue; public money; sometimes …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Finance — Fi*nance , v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. {Financed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Financing}.] To conduct the finances of; to provide for, and manage, the capital for; to financier. Securing foreign capital to finance multitudinous undertakings. B. H. Chamberlain …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Finance — Nom porté dans les Vosges et le Haut Rhin. C est un toponyme qui désigne une limite de territoire. Un hameau de l Yonne s appelle la Finance (commune de Piffonds). M.T. Morlet signale un lieu dit à Escles (88) …   Noms de famille

  • finance — [n] economic affairs accounts, banking, business, commerce, economics, financial affairs, investment, money, money management; concepts 360,770 finance [v] offer loan money; set up in business back, bank, bankroll, capitalize, endow, float*, fund …   New thesaurus

  • finance — [fī′nans΄, fə nans′] n. [ME finaunce, a fine, forfeit < OFr finance, wealth, revenue < finer, to end, settle accounts, pay ransom < fin: see FINE2] 1. [pl.] the money resources, income, etc. of a nation, organization, or person 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • financé — financé, ée (fi nan sé, sée) part. passé. Payé au roi pour l acquisition d une charge. Une somme financée …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • financé — Financé, [financ]ée. part …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • finance — ► NOUN 1) the management of large amounts of money, especially by governments or large companies. 2) monetary support for an enterprise. 3) (finances) monetary resources. ► VERB ▪ provide funding for. ORIGIN Old French, from finer settle a debt …   English terms dictionary